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    当前位置:首页>新闻中心>新闻动态>对高温下工作酌模具钢材料的性能要求!

    对高温下工作酌模具钢材料的性能要求!

    来源:https://www.jnqhmj.com/ 日期:2021-07-19 发布人:admin


    耐热性是指模具钢金属材料在高温下抵抗介质腐蚀与机械负荷同时作用的能力高温下工作就木易发生破坏,它包括热稳定性和热强性两个方面。
    Heat resistance refers to the ability of die steel metal materials to resist medium corrosion and mechanical load at the same time at high temperature. Wood is easy to be damaged when working at high temperature. It includes thermal stability and thermal strength.
    1)热稳定性
    1) Thermal stability
    热稳定性是指金属材料在高温下抵抗氧化和燃气腐蚀的能力。金属在高温下常见的腐蚀破坏是气体腐蚀,其中以氧化为常见,故热稳定性通常是指金属抵抗氧化的能力。热稳定性高的材料,在高温下使用时就不易产生剧烈的氧化而导致损坏。
    Thermal stability refers to the ability of metal materials to resist oxidation and gas corrosion at high temperature. The common corrosion damage of metals at high temperature is gas corrosion, among which oxidation is the most common, so thermal stability usually refers to the ability of metals to resist oxidation. Materials with high thermal stability are not easy to be damaged due to severe oxidation when used at high temperature.
    2)热强性
    2) Thermal strength
    热强性是指金属材料在高温下抵抗塑性变形和破坏的能力,亦称金属高温强度或称热强度。试验表明,随着温度升高,金属材料一般是强度降低而塑性增加。例如30CrMnSlA钢,常温强度ob=1100MPa,在550度时,ob只有550MPa。
    Thermal strength refers to the ability of metal materials to resist plastic deformation and failure at high temperature, also known as metal high temperature strength or thermal strength. The results show that with the increase of temperature, the strength of metal materials generally decreases and the plasticity increases. For example, 30crmnsla steel, the room temperature strength ob = 1100mpa, at 550 degrees, ob is only 550MPa.
    另外,在高温下,随着加载时间的延长,金属的强度还要进一步下降。因此,金属材料在高温下的力学性能,除了考虑载荷因素外,还要考虑温度和时间因素的影响,从而建立高温强度指标。常用的高温强度指标有高温瞬时强度、蠕变强度和持久强度(也称长期强度)等。
    In addition, at high temperature, with the extension of loading time, the strength of the metal will further decline. Therefore, the mechanical properties of metal materials at high temperature should not only consider the load factor, but also consider the influence of temperature and time factors, so as to establish the high temperature strength index. The commonly used high temperature strength indexes include instantaneous strength, creep strength and long-term strength.

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